Khetha leqephe

 

TLHOKOMELO LE MAKAPELE

Ts'ebetsong ea litsamaiso tsa kutlo karolo ena, ts'ebetso le karolo li etsoa ke ATTENTION.

STIMULUS–> Lemoha matla a tikoloho le ho a kenya ka matšoao a mofuta oa methapo: SENSATION–> Ntle le bokhoni ba ho khetha, ho hlophisa le ho hlalosa maikutlo a rona, e tla be e le kemelo e sa phethahalang–> PONO.

                           Ts'ebetso

TLHOKOMELO le

                           Selection

Tlhokomelo ea eng?

BALLESTEROS (2000): Ts'ebetso eo ka eona re ka lebisang lisebelisoa tsa rona tsa kelello likarolong tse ling tsa tikoloho, tse bohlokoa ka ho fetisisa, kapa ts'ebetsong ea liketso tse itseng tseo re nkang hore li nepahetse ka ho fetisisa har'a tse ka khonehang.

E bolela boemo ba ho shebella le ho falimeha bo re lumellang ho hlokomela se etsahalang tikolohong ea rona.

Phetoho ea histori ea khopolo

Sebopeho: Boemo ba kelello bo kenyelletsang ho hlaka ha maikutlo (tsamaiso).

Mosebetsi: Mosebetsi o mahlahahlaha wa setshedi o itshetlehileng hodima maikutlo le ka sebopeho sa ho ikamahanya le maemo.

 Gestalt le Behaviorism: Tlhokomelo e fumana thahasello e fokolang haholo.

 Cognitivism: (Khopolo ea ho sebetsana le litaba): Mokhoa o lumellang khetho ea tlhahisoleseling e bohlokoa, kaha bokhoni ba rona ba ho sebetsana le litaba bo lekanyelitsoe.

Maikutlo a histori

  • Tlhokomeliso e le boleng ba maikutlo:

Ha ho khonehe ho ela hloko lintho tsohle tse susumetsang, 'me tlhokomelo ke mokhoa o khethang tse bohlokoa ka ho fetisisa e le hore u li bone "betere".

  • Ela hloko e le mokhoa oa ho laola:

Mekhoa eohle ea kelello e hloka tlhokomelo le taelo ea ho li fetola ho ea ka sepheo.

Mesebetsi

  • Taolo hodima bokgoni ba kelello
  • E kenya tšebetsong 'mele maemong a macha le a reriloeng.
  • E thibela ho kenya tlhahisoleseding e feteletseng.
  • Theha mosebetsi oa batho. E thusa ho susumetsa maikutlo mabapi le nts'etsopele ea bokhoni.
  • E netefatsa ts'ebetso e lekaneng ea ts'usumetso ea kutlo e amehang ka ho fetesisa.

 

MEFUTA TLHOKOMELO

Tlhokomelo ea kahare kapa kantle:

E bitsoa ho isa bohōleng boo matla a ho ela hloko a lebisitsoe lits'ebetsong tsa kelello kapa ts'oaetso ea interoceptive ka bobona, kapa ho ea ho tšusumetso e tsoang ka ntle.

Tlhokomelo ea boithaopo le ea boithatelo:

E laolwa ke maikutlo a mahlahahlaha kapa a se nang letho a moqoqo mabapi le tshusumetso. (Mohlala: molumo oa tšohanyetso).

Tlhokomelo e totobetseng le e patehileng:

Tlhokomelo e bulehileng e tsamaisana le letoto la likarabo tsa motlakase le tsa 'mele tse hlahisang liphetoho tsa postural tabeng; sekhukhung, liphello tsa eona li ke ke tsa bonoa ka ho shebella. (Mohl: ho mamela moqoqo).

Tlhokomelo e arohaneng le tlhokomelo e khethehileng kapa e tsepamisitsoeng:

E lebetsoe

Tlhokomelo e arohaneng ho na le lintho tse 'maloa tse susumetsang kapa maemo a kenang tšimong ea tlhokomelo, tlhokomelong e khethiloeng boiteko bo lebisitsoe sebakeng se itseng seo mekhoa e meng ea kelello e ka susumetsang ho eona.

Tlhokomelo ea pono le ea kutlo:

Ho itšetlehile ka mokhoa oa kutlo eo e sebelisoang ho eona le mofuta oa ts'usumetso. Tlhokomelo ea pono e amana haholo le maikutlo a sebaka, ha tsebe e ntse e le mekhahlelo ea nakoana.

Tlhokomelo ea lefats'e:

Mokhoa o akaretsang oa sebōpuoa ho sebetsa litaba. Ke liketsahalo tse matla joalo ka tsosa, boemo ba tlhokomeliso e akaretsang kapa tlhokomeliso ea phasic.

 - Tlhokomeliso le tsosa

  • Hoa hlokahala ho arabela tikolohong.
  • E amahanngoa le Reticular Activating System (SRA)
  • Haeba a lemetse, ho hlaha koma.

-Maemo a tlhokomeliso

         Tonics Liphetoho tsa nako e telele le tse butle-butle tsa ho falimeha.

         Mokhahlelo. Liphetoho tse matla le tsa nako e khutšoanyane tse hlahisoang ke tšusumetso e itseng.

Tlhokomelo e tsitsitseng (ho falimeha):

Bokhoni ba moshebelli ba ho boloka a falimehetse lintho tse susumetsang ka nako e telele.

 - Mesebetsi ea tlhokomelo e tsitsitseng:

  • E eketsa monyetla oa ho lemoha matšoao.
  • E fokotsa ho se tsebe hantle ha lets'oao le tla hlaha neng le kae.
  • E fana ka koetliso e nepahetseng ho moshebelli ho hlakisa mofuta oa matšoao.
  • Ntlafatsa tšusumetso ka ho hatisa bohlokoa ba mosebetsi oa sekolo o etsetsoang hae.

Tlhokomelo e khethehileng: Mosebetsi oa eona ke hore karolo e 'ngoe ea litaba tse fihlang' meleng e sebetsanoe le e 'ngoe ha e (Mohl: Emahane le motho ea buang sebakeng se lerata).

Tlhokomelo e tsitsitseng (ho falimeha): ho ipapisitse le ho fetisetsoa bocha ha boikitlaetso ho lebisa tlhokomelo ho tsepamisong maikutlo le ho hanyetsa ho hoheloa ho tsepamiso e 'ngoe, e leng teng nakong ea ts'ebetso (mohlala: Seithuti se tsepamisa maikutlo ho ngola tlhahlobo).

Tlhokomelo e arohaneng: E lumella ho kenya mekhoa ea ho sisinyeha eo sebōpuoa se e sebelisang ho arabela ka nako e le 'ngoe litlhoko tse ngata tsa tikoloho (Mohlala: 'Mè o bua le fono ha a ntse a shebile lesea la hae).