Kuyambira pomwe idakhazikitsidwa m'ma 1980 ndi psychotherapist Francine Shapiro, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy (EMDR) yakhala chizindikiro cha chiyembekezo kwa iwo omwe akulimbana ndi zowawa ndi zovuta zina zamaganizidwe. Komabe, mosasamala kanthu za kukhalapo kwa zaka zopitirira makumi anayi ndi kusinthika kwake kosalekeza, nthano zongopeka zimapitirizabe zomwe zimazungulira mankhwalawa mu chophimba cha kusamvetsetsana ndi malingaliro olakwika.

M'nkhani ino, tiona zina mwa nthano zofala kwambiri zozungulira EMDR Ndipo tidzavumbulutsa choonadi pambuyo pawo. Popeza malire ake ayenera kuchitira yekha Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) ku chikhulupiliro cholakwika kuti ndi mtundu wa hypnosis kapena kusokoneza ubongo, tidzapenda mozama malingaliro awa ndikupereka malingaliro omveka bwino, ozikidwa pa umboni weniweni wa njira yamphamvu iyi ya chithandizo.

Nafe ndi zabwino ochiritsa pamene tikutsutsa nthano ndikupeza zoona za EMDR, chithandizo chomwe chasintha miyoyo ndikupitiriza kupereka chiyembekezo ndi machiritso kwa iwo omwe akufuna kuchiritsa mabala awo amaganizo.

Kodi nthano zimenezi zimamveka ngati zachilendo kwa inu?

  1. "Ndiko kokha kuchiza Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)": Ngakhale ziri zoona kuti EMDR idapangidwa poyamba kuti ithetse PTSD, yasonyezedwa kuti ndi yothandiza pazovuta zambiri zamaganizo ndi mavuto, monga nkhawa, kuvutika maganizo, kusokonezeka kwa umunthu, kuledzera, ndi zina. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito pokonza zochitika zomvetsa chisoni, koma amathanso kuthana ndi zovuta zomwe zimayambitsa zovuta zosiyanasiyana zamaganizo ndi zamaganizo.
  2. "Ndi hypnosis kapena kusokoneza ubongo.": EMDR si hypnosis kapena kusokoneza ubongo. Ndi chithandizo chokhazikika chomwe chimaphatikizapo kukondoweza kwaubongo kwapawiri kudzera mumayendedwe amaso, phokoso kapena njira. Munthu amene akulandira chithandizocho amakhalabe tcheru ndipo amalamulira nthawi zonse. Palibe khalidwe kapena chikhulupiriro chomwe chimasinthidwa kapena kuperekedwa.
  3. "Amagwiritsidwa ntchito pochiza milandu yoopsa kwambiri": Ngakhale kuti EMDR ikhoza kukhala yothandiza makamaka pazochitika zowawa kwambiri, sizimangokhalira kuchiza milandu yoopsa kwambiri. Zitha kukhala zothandiza pamavuto osiyanasiyana am'maganizo ndi m'malingaliro, kuchokera ku nkhawa ndi kukhumudwa mpaka kudzikayikira komanso zovuta paubwenzi wabwino ndi anthu.
  4. "Amachiritsa nthawi yomweyo komanso mwachangu kwambiri": Ngakhale kuti anthu ena amatha kusintha kwambiri m'magawo ochepa chabe, machiritso ndi EMDR angatenge nthawi ndi khama. Zotsatira zimasiyanasiyana malinga ndi kukula kwa vuto, mbiri ya munthu payekha, ndi zina. Ndikofunika kumvetsetsa kuti EMDR si "mankhwala amatsenga," koma ndi chida chothandizira chomwe chingathandize kuchira.
  5. "Zilibe maziko asayansi": EMDR ili ndi maziko olimba a sayansi omwe amathandizidwa ndi maphunziro ambiri omwe asonyeza mphamvu zake pochiza kupwetekedwa mtima ndi matenda ena a maganizo. Zadziwika ndi mabungwe apadziko lonse lapansi monga World Health Organisation (WHO) ndi American Psychiatric Association (APA) ngati chithandizo chothandizira PTSD ndi zovuta zina.
  6. "Othandizira a EMDR amangogwira ntchito ndi EMDR": Othandizira a EMDR amaphunzitsidwa kugwiritsa ntchito njira zosiyanasiyana zochiritsira kuphatikizapo EMDR. Ambiri a iwo ali ndi maphunziro ochuluka mu psychotherapy ndipo akhoza kuphatikiza EMDR ndi njira zina zochiritsira, malingana ndi zosowa zenizeni za wodwalayo. EMDR ingagwiritsidwe ntchito ngati njira yowonjezereka, yochiritsira yonse.

Mwachidule, EMDR ndi mankhwala osiyanasiyana ndipo kutengera umboni womwe wasintha kwambiri kuyambira pomwe adalengedwa m'ma 1980 Kuthetsa nthano izi ndikofunikira kuti anthu apindule mokwanira ndi chida champhamvu ichi.